Water: It’s everywhere. It makes up 70% of our Earth and up to 75% of our bodies. It is essential that we have water to live. But, where does water come from? And how does it get to our homes so we can bathe, drink, and wash our dishes?
Fresh, usable water only makes up around 1% of our Earth’s water. This is because most of our water comes from oceans, which is way too salty to purify/use. Usable water comes from fresh, surface water, such as lakes, rivers, reservoirs, and streams. Ground water comes from underneath the Earth’s surface in aquifers, such as highly permeable rocks, soil, and sand, and brought to wells or found in springs. Water departments pump water from these reservoirs, rivers, and wells, to water towers, and the water flows through pipes to get to different homes in a subdivision. Therefore, these public water systems provide water to homes. Where the water towers don’t exist, people have their own wells and fill up tanks in order to have the water they need in their homes.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency has the responsibility of making sure that supplied water is safe to use in the United States. Congress passed the Safe Drinking Water Act in 1974 to protect the public drinking water in our nation and gave the United States Environmental Protection Agency the authority to set standards for the quality of drinking water and oversee suppliers in the USA. Subsequently, in 1986 and 1996, there was a law passed to protect water and its sources, such as rivers, lakes, ground wells, and springs. (www.epa.gov).
Water, especially for drinking, can be tested hourly, monthly, quarterly, and annually. This depends on the location, as well the size of the public water system. Sometimes, there is a change in the water, including the taste, color, or smell. No need to worry, as this is not necessarily a health concern. Call your public water system company for any concerns.
To test your water, find a certified laboratory test kit or call the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at (800) 426-4791.
Comments will be approved before showing up.